Plant-Based Diets Sustainability

Food Day: Join the Dietitian Food Revolution

I have the distinct privilege of traveling around the country and talking to many dietitians about their passions and their life’s work. I’ve heard from so many of you, as you share the amazing efforts you’ve made—many completely voluntary and selfless—in the quest for helping people find a more sustainable, wholesome lifestyle. I’ve talked to dietitians who’ve taken the SNAP challenge to see what it’s like firsthand to live on this limited budget. I’ve met those who have started farmers’ markets in their hospitals. And I’ve heard stories about dietitians hosting free nutrition classes in schools, supermarkets, and farmers’ markets. There’s so much work to be done, and, in my opinion, dietitians have the most passionate, educated voices for moving the planet towards optimal health. We, as a profession, have the background, patience, knowledge, and inspiration to help guide people towards eating a diet that promotes a healthful, vibrant life, cuts disease risk and health care costs, provides ultimate fulfillment and satisfaction, and lowers impact on the environment.

We know that what you put on your fork is a valiant weapon against chronic disease. It has become crystal clear that diets based on whole plant foods can help prevent and even reverse some of the top “killer” diseases in the Western world. Studies suggest that an array of plant-based foods, such as beans, seeds, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, have the potential for preventing or slowing down chronic disease, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and neurodegenerative diseases. And this diet has even more benefits, because it’s a sustainable eating style. With a growing global population, the planet is now pressured to provide enough water, plant nutrients, space, and ideal climate to produce more food. Environmental data are rapidly accumulating on the unsustainability of the current worldwide food consumption, which is increasingly industrialized and moving away from simple plant foods. Because the population is expected to grow to more than 9 billion by 2050, according to the United States Census Bureau, food security and food sustainability are on a collision course.

carrot-farm

Visiting a carrot farm in Bakersfield, California

We, as dietitians, can encourage people to move from a low-nutrient diet, which does little to nourish bodies and robs important resources from our agricultural system. A study on Americans aged 2 and older concluded that 39% of children and teens and 42% of adults consumed no whole grains at all. Yet whole grains provide essential fiber, which is important for gastrointestinal and heart health. A study by Quinnipiac University and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that only 38% of adults eat nuts and seeds each day, yet these foods provide great natural sources of vitamins, minerals, protein, healthful fats, and fiber. Beans are an excellent source of fiber and protein; however, when researchers evaluated five different cohorts in Japan, Sweden, Greece, and Australia, they concluded that of all the food factors they examined, only one was associated with a longer lifespan across the board: legume intake.

Fruits and vegetables get the short end of the stick when it comes to the average diet, because they’re the least eaten food groups. An analysis done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) concluded that only 13.1% of American adults eat enough fruits and only 8.9% eat enough vegetables. California ranks highest in consumption of both fruits (17.7% of adults) and vegetables (13%), while at the bottom of the list are Tennessee for fruit consumption (7.5%) and Mississippi for vegetable consumption (5.5%).

It’s time that we, as a profession, educate our communities, as well as activate plans to help individuals increase their awareness and intake of local, sustainable, whole plant foods so that collectively we can get healthy. I’m calling all dietitians to make their mark and share their stories by joining my new Facebook Page, Dietitian Food Revolution. Let’s inspire each other every day!

cooking-class

Teaching a community cooking class in a garden, Big Bear, California

Here are some examples of what you can do to make a difference.

  • Teach parents how to incorporate healthful, whole plant foods into their kid’s meals;
  • Work with farmers’ markets to provide nutritional education;
  • Volunteer at senior centers or schools to provide education on local, sustainable, healthful, whole plant foods;
  • Teach gardening in your community;
  • Host free cooking demos of healthful, whole plant foods; and
  • Write an article in your local newspaper on sustainable, seasonal plants.

Today is Food Day, so it’s the perfect time to celebrate by joining the revolution. Like my new Facebook Page today, and post your stories, pictures, and messages to inspire us all.

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Talking about plants at a local bookstore, Seattle

sharon-palmer — Sharon Palmer, RDN, is a plant-based food and nutrition expert, author of Plant-Powered for Life, and nutrition editor of Today’s Dietitian.

 

References

Sabate J and Soret S. Sustainability of plant-based diets: back to the future. Am J Clin Nutr , 2014; 100(Supplement 1) 476S-482S.

Most Americans don’t eat enough whole grains, fiber: study. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/most-americans-dont-eat-enough-whole-grains-fiber-study/. Accessed October 21, 2016.

US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/international/data/idb/worldpoptotal.php. Accessed October 21, 2016.

Eat Beans to Live Longer. Nutrition Facts. http://nutritionfacts.org/2014/09/16/eat-beans-to-live-longer/. Accessed October 21, 2016.

Paddock, C. Americans ‘not eating enough fruits and vegetables. Medical News Today website. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/296677.php. Accessed October 4, 2016

Miller, S. Which States Are Eating Their Fruits and Veggies? Live Science website. http://www.livescience.com/53074-maps-whos-eating-fruits-veg.html. Accessed October 4, 2016.

Nutrients and Health Benefits. Choose My Plate website. https://www.choosemyplate.gov/vegetables-nutrients-health. Accessed October 4, 2016.

 

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